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Women who wake up early are less likely to get depressed – Researchers

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Women who wake up early as they get older are less likely to develop depression than those who love a lie-in, according to research.

Scientists say exposure to daylight affects a person’s risk of becoming depressed, and women who wake up early have a 12 to 27 per cent lower chance.

A study of more than 32,000 women with an average age of 55 found those who describe themselves as evening or intermediate types are more likely to end up with the mental illness.

It is not a curse, however, and the scientists say people who like to sleep late can help reduce their risk by getting up earlier and seeing more daylight.

The research also found night owls are less likely to be married and more likely to live alone, be smokers, and have erratic sleep patterns – all of which could increase depression risk.

But the link between sleeping preference and depression still remains even when those factors are accounted for.

The research was done by scientists at the University of Colorado Boulder, and Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston.

It is the largest ever study of its kind and studied the effect of a woman’s chronotype – what times a person prefers to sleep and wake up – on her risk of depression.

Researchers claim chronotype affects depression risk even when exposure to daylight and working schedules are taken out of the equation.

Depression thought to affect one in ten people

 

‘There might be an effect of chronotype on depression risk that is not driven by environmental and lifestyle factors,’ said lead study author and director of the university’s sleep lab, Céline Vetter.

Depression is a fairly common mental health problem which can affect anyone at any age.

Around one in ten people are thought to experience it at some point in their life, and it can cause people to feel upset and to lose interest in things they used to enjoy.

While people with the condition may feel despair, there are therapies which can help to treat it, including medication and counselling.

 

People can turn themselves into early risers

 

Whether someone is an early bird, intermediate type or a night owl is partly determined by genetics, but late risers are not doomed, the scientists say.

‘When and how much light you get also influences chronotype, and light exposure also influences depression risk,’ Dr Vetter added.

‘Yes, chronotype is relevant when it comes to depression but it is a small effect.  Being an early type seems to beneficial, and you can influence how early you are.’

She adds trying to get enough sleep, exercise, spending time outdoors, dimming the lights at night, and getting as much daylight as possible are all helpful.

 

How the research was done

 

The researchers studied 32,470 female nurses from the Nurses’ Health Study, which asks participants to fill out health surveys every two years.

At the beginning none of the participants had depression.

The women were asked to describe their own chronotype, and 37 per cent described themselves as early types, 53 per cent were intermediate types, and 10 per cent were evening types.

Known risk factors for depression including body weight, physical activity, chronic disease, sleep duration, and night shift work were also considered.

Even when lifestyle factors were accounted for, early risers still had a 12 to 27 per cent lower risk of being depressed than intermediate types.

Late types had a six per cent higher risk than intermediate types, but that increase was not considered big enough to be important.

The findings were published in the Journal of Psychiatric Research.

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Health

12 Tips To Be Healthy in 2019 -WHO

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World Health Organisation, WHO has given tips on how to make 2019 a healthy year, by kicking unhealthy habits out of your life, like:

-tobacco use

-unhealthy diet

-physical inactivity

-antibiotic misuse

-unsafe food

-alcohol & drug abuse

-unsafe sex

-poor hygiene

-speeding -drunk driving

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Health

Use of Antibiotics in Livestock puts Humans at risk – Medical Expert

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Indiscriminate use of antibiotics in livestock farming has raised serious public health concerns globally. In sub-Saharan Africa and particularly in Nigeria, it is more endemic among poultry farmers.

Antibiotics are powerful medicines that fight bacterial infection. When bacteria develops resistance to the antibiotics, it is termed Antibiotic Resistance (ABR), while Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) occurs when disease-causing organisms (bacteria, viruses, parasites) can no longer be killed by antimicrobial agents.

Dr E. Wesangula, AMR Focal Point of the Kenyan Ministry of Health at the just concluded African Conference of Science Journalists, Nairobi, Kenya painted the looming danger to public health as a result of indiscriminate use of antibiotics in animals.

His position reflects the grave concern expressed in Nigeria by the Nigeria Veterinary Medical Association headed by Professor Mohammed Bello Agaie.

Dr Wesangula noted that the use of antibiotics in livestock today is even greater than in humans. The health expert expressed worry that “in many villages, farmers use human antibiotics to treat chicken to control flu-like infection.”

By consuming meat, egg or milk with antibiotics residues, one under-dosed himself by exposing his microbes to non-lethal quantities of the drug, which will make them resistant to many antibiotic drugs when he is sick.

Professor Bello Agaie explained how humans become the victim of the antibiotic used in livestock: “When you use it in food animals, there is a period that has been specified – we call it withdrawal time. For the professionals, that animal should not be slaughtered within that period or else the residues will still be available in the product – either milk or meat.

“So if you eat meat, eggs or drink milk or eat cheese, you’re taking those antibiotics in very low concentrations.”

Professor Agaie said that the practice “is worse in poultry. What we have is people produce a cocktail of drugs – two, three, or four antibiotics which they put into one – whether the birds are sick or not, they keep putting it into the water. They think it will enhance their growth, make them healthier or not come down with any disease.

“While this is happening, the birds are laying eggs, they are maturing as broilers and we are eating them. So we now get exposed to very low concentration of antibiotics and when people go to hospitals when sick they give you drugs, it does not work because you have already been exposed to some sub-lethal concentration of this drugs…. And the organisms themselves have found a way to now dodge the effect of the drugs so the drugs are no more effective.

“The second thing is that even if you say I’m not eating meat, eggs or taking milk, you say you want to go green, you collect faeces from animals – chickens, cow dung, and you fertilize your soil, you will contaminate the soil. So when you plant, the crop also takes the antibiotics,” he explained.

Consuming crops produced with wastes of animals with antibiotics residues also exposes one to the low quantity of the drugs, which will make your microbes develop resistance to antibiotic treatment.

According to Dr Wesangula, about 4.2 million people in Africa are likely to die due to antimicrobial resistance.
The World Bank estimates global healthcare cost of more than $32 trillion by 2050.

It also said that by 2050, the decline in global livestock production could range from a low of 2.6% to a high of 7.5% per year

“There would be a pronounced increase in extreme poverty because of AMR. Of the additional 28.3 million people falling into extreme poverty in 2050 in the high-impact AMR scenario, the vast majority (26.2 million) would live in low-income countries.

Currently, the world is broadly on track to eliminate extreme poverty (at $1.90/day) by 2030, reaching close to the target of less than 3% of people living in extreme poverty. AMR risks putting this target out of reach,” the World Bank 2016 said.

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Entertainment

Kim Kardashian down with skin disease, searches for medication

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Reality TV star, Kim Kardashian West has disclosed she has been suffering from a skin ailment called, Psoriasis.

Kim, who is searching for medication for the ailment said on a Twitter post that she cannot cover it at this point, as it has taken over her body.

“I think the time has come I start a medication for psoriasis. I’ve never seen it like this before and I can’t even cover it at this point. It’s taken over my body. Has anyone tried a medication for psoriasis & what kind works best? Need help ASAP!!!”She tweeted.

Psoriasis is a common skin condition that speeds up the life cycle of skin cells. It causes cells to build up rapidly on the surface of the skin.

The extra skin cells form scales and red patches that are itchy and sometimes painful. Psoriasis is a chronic disease that often comes and goes.

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